Mrs. Comus Mormon & 2 children
[By Glen Villa Jr., Last Revised July 31, 2011]

Martha West was the spouse of Comus Moman. Martha West was born in 1891 to Charlie West and Mary West.

In 1910, Martha West was attending the Carson Indian School in Nevada. Martha was 19 at the time.

By 1912, Martha West married Comus Moman, the son of Sally John and Charley Moman. Martha and Comus had three children; Violett Moman (born September 22, 1912), Elmer Albert Moman (born May 10, 1913) and Carl Moman (born May 1, 1915).

On June 5, 1917, Comus Moman registered for the Draft. According to the selective service records, Comus was born August 17, 1892 in Ione. Comus was employed as a laborer for M. R. Bacon in Ione. Comus was married with three children under 12 years of age. Comus was described as medium height, medium build, black eyes and black hair. Comus did not claim any exemptions from the draft. Comus’s home was in Ione.

Comus Moman died on November 1, 1918, and was buried in the Jackson Valley Indian Cemetery. Comus was listed as born in 1886. The death certificate identifies his parents as Sallie and Charlie Moman. The death certificate also identifies his wife as Martha West.

By 1925, Martha West was deceased and was buried in the Buena Vista Indian Cemetery.

Martha died and was buried in the Buena Vista Indian Cemetery. After her death, the children of Comus and Martha Moman lived with their paternal grandparents, Alec John and Sally John.

Violett Moman

Violett Moman was born on September 22, 1912. Violet married Cecil Rey, the son of Josephine Oliver and Cleve Rey.

In the 1928 school year, Violet Moman attended the Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. In the 1929 school year, Violet Moman attended the Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. In the 1930 school year, Violet Moman attended the Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. In the 1931 school year, Violet Moman attended the Sherman Institute in Riverside, California.

Articles Concerning Violet Moman

Ione Valley Echo
May 28, 1927
Grammar School Notes
Dulce Dillon, Reporter
Following is the graduating exercises to be held June 3rd, in the Royal Theater, Evelyn Nelson, presiding.

1. Selection…..Ione School Band
2. Invocation…..Rev. Chas. Fish
3. Gettysburg Address, in Miwuk By Violet Moman
4. Gettysburg Address, in English By Gloriana Young
5. Selection…..Ione School Band
6. “Out of the Mouth of Babes” Louis Hammer, Francis Allen, Sam Hawkins, William Amick, Charlotte Amick, Betty Dillion, Myrtle Lucas, Edward Hawkins, Mauriece Riley and Leo Bottino.
7. Words of Gratitude…..Aliece Gregory
8. Reading…..Margaret Boner
9. Song…..Dulce Dillon
10. Class Poem…..Barbara Tonti
11. Class Song…..Graduating Class
12. Adress…..Sam H. Cohn

Presentation of Diplomas.

Class Mott: The elevator to success isn’t running; take the stairs.
 Exit….By Band

Ione Valley Echo
November 28, 1925
Grammar School Notes
Kathryn Kelly, Reporter
The daily attendance for the third month was 120 with an enrollment of 131. This means that on an average eleven pupils were absent each day for the twenty day school month, representing a class of more than 77 to the district for the month.

Ruth Minner returned to the Jackson Valley school.

The Ione City School Band entertained at the Cattlemen’s ball and supper with several selections and also played at the church Thanksgiving morning.

School will close for the Christmas holidays on Thursday, December 24 and open on January 4th. Margaret Russell is absent on account of illness.

The following pupils have not been tardy nor absent for the three months just passed:
Gertrude Bell           Mildred Hart
May Brown             Edward Torres
Walter Davis            Kathlyn Granless
Delia Walloupe         Louis Torres
George Picksley       Joe Ghirado
Hilda Higgins            Marle Charles
Tommy Young          Louis Ghirado
Gills Hawkins           Dorothy Kohl
Lionel Lucas            Harriet Harper
Billy Gebhardt          Junior Hawkins
Hazel Lucas             Genevieve Wakefield

Mrs. Margrave’s Room
Lewis Yager             Elsie Strong
Violet Sibole            Elsie Wedler
Walter Lucas            Billy Benson
Guselda Young         Garth Heath
Ernest Dooley          Jeanette Coan
George Daggett        Violet Moman
Juanita Trevaskis      Glorianna Young
Stella Lee                 Anita Mellow

Mr. Wilson’s Room
Frank Yager              Thelma Watts
Lester Gillum             Novene Forbes
Claudene Forbes       Kathryn Kelly
Evelyn Gebhardt        Ruth Sibole
Elizabeth Granlees      Audrey Arditto
Trenor Stewart           Charlotte Amick
Louis Hammer            Maurice Riley
Francis Allen

Sacramento Union
January 22, 1935
Auburn Indians Need Food For Winter Months
Condition of Remnants Of Tribe Is Described As Precarious
Auburn (Placer Co.), Jan. 22—The problem of obtaining sufficient food during the Winter months has forced the Indians on the Auburn reservation, two miles southwest of this city, to return to the primitive practice of grinding acorns with the old-fashioned stones used before the white man came to the Pacific Coast.

The acorns are placed in holes in large rocks and are ground with smaller stones until a meal is formed, from which soup and other palatable dishes can be made. 

Plight is Problem

The plight of the Indians has been a problem for Probation Officer L. J. Kinney of Placer County who recently asked Congressman Harry L. Englebright to obtain federal aid for the Auburn group, if possible.

Kinney also thinks the state should come to the assistance of the Indians and points to the fact many Mexicans are obtaining relief, while the native born Indians struggle for food.

Recommends Another Site

Kinney said the Auburn reservation is not suited for farming.  he recommends a place with better housing facilities, more fertile land for the growing of garden crops and an adequate water supply.

Typical of the aged Indian at this reservation is Mrs. Martha Le May, just recovering from an attack of pneumonia.  She is a member of one of ten families, numbering thirty-eight Indians.

Red Cross Unable To Help
She said the Red Cross has declared itself unable to supply food this year for Indians on the reservation and has referred them to the probation officer for county aid. 

She claims the Indians on the reservation suffer from improper diet and housing.  The houses for the most part are shacks built of odd boards and scrap tin. Most have dirt floors and are lined with old paste board cartons.

Received Some Roofing.

For Housing improvement the Indians recently obtained some paper roofing through the John Collier committee on Indian affairs at Washington.  She claims this is the only aid extended in several years.

Eighteen-year-old Agnes Rey is a member of a family of nine living at the reservation.  Her father chops wood when he can obtain work, and a brother has part time employment.  She states if it were not for the acorns it would be impossible for the family so subsist.

Visitor Is Appalled

Miss Violet Moman, an unemployed elementary school teacher from Oklahoma and a graduate of an Indian school in that state, who came to the reservation to care for an aunt who is ill, said she is shocked at the conditions on the Auburn reservation.  She said lack of a balanced diet has resulted in a serious physical condition among the residents of the reservation.

Miss Moman said the chief wants at present are a water supply for gardens; better quarters in which to live; enough employment to earn money to purchase wholesome food and an increase in the $6 a month allowance given the aged Indians for food.

Thirty-eight Indians residing on the reservation two miles southwest of Auburn are declared to be in a precarious condition because of poor housing conditions, general poverty and lack of food and comforts.  The Red Cross has failed them, the county probation officer is in a quandary as to how he can supply them with food and in the meanwhile the Indians, young as well as aged, have turned to the ways of their fathers and are grinding acorns in primitive fashion to make meal to stave off starvation.

The pictures are scenes on the reservation.  Top left, Miss Agnes Rey 18, left, and Miss Violet Moman, 22, are shown grinding the acorns in a hole in a rock with a stone pestle.  Upper right, Mrs. Martha Le May, aged Indian, recovering from a month’s illness with pneumonia is shown being given a bowl of acorn broth by her daughter, Mrs. Mamie Bidstroupe.  Lower right, the exterior of a typical shack in which the Indians are forced to live.  An Indian boy is shown wheeling a load of firewood.

Sacramento Union
January 31, 1935
Indian Maidens Prepare Dinner
The severe winter, along with the depression, has forced large numbers of California Indians to subsist on acorn soup, mustard greens and rabbit.  Violet Moman (left) and Agnes Rey are shown at the Auburn, Cal., reservation grinding acorns into meal.

Elmer Moman

Elmer Moman was born May 10, 1913. Elmer died on October 26, 1999 at the age of 86 and was buried in Elk Grove.

Elmer served in the US Army during World War II. Elmer married Wilma Walloupe.

Carl Moman

Carl Moman was born May 1, 1915 which is right around the time the census was taken and did not make the census. Carl died on January 8, 2003 at the age of 87 and was buried in the Auburn Indian Cemetery.

Photographs