George Clifford was born October 19, 1872. He
was a full-blooded Miwok Indian from Amador County. His parents
were Jim Clifford and an unknown full-blooded Indian from Amador
County. His grandfather on his mother's side was named Owah-chaa
in Miwok. George married Lizzie Smith, daughter of Charles and
Mildred Smith. They had a daughter named Mabel. Mabel married
Alfred Walloupe. George had two half brothers, Jess and Albert.
According to his enrollment application with
the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1928, George Clifford identified
his captains in 1851 were Santiago and Hincoye. Hincoye was a
chief of the Waupumne Nisenan who signed the Forks of the Cosumnes
Treaty on September 18, 1851. Santiago was a chief who signed the
Forks of the Cosumnes Treaty on behalf of the Yas-si. It is
possible the Yas-si were from the village of Yule at Plymouth.
On the 1900 Census, George Clifford is single
living with his brother-in-law, Louie Alcalde in Township 2 of
Amador County. George was 25 years old at the time, indicating a
birth year of 1875.
In 1905-1906, CE Kelsey identifies George
Clifford, wife and 3 children living in Union of Amador County
without land. The wife of George Clifford at this time was Lizzie
Clifford and the 3 children were Clarence Burris, Harry Burris and
In 1910, George Clifford is residing with his
wife Lizzie in Township 2, Ione, of Amador County. George Clifford
was born in Ione, his father was white and his mother was full
blood Indian from Lockeford. According to the 1910 Census, George
married Lizzie Smith in 1904, which was the third marriage for
both of them. George Clifford was 35 and Lizzie Clifford was 34
years old at the time. George Clifford was a laborer of odd jobs.
In 1930, George Clifford was living with his
wife Lizzie in Township 2 of Amador County. George Clifford was a
general laborer on a farm.
George Clifford was visited by Sylvia Broadbent
at the County Hospital in Jackson on September 6, 1956. George
Clifford provided a brief linguistic vocabulary in Northern Sierra
Miwok. Broadbent wrote the following:
“…he’s in the old building (red brick) age 83, he says, born in
Ione. Looks at least that old. Almost toothless + a bit doddening,
but not quite senile. Not deaf.”
Bernice Villa remembered George and Lizzie
Clifford lived at Buena Vista in a house next to the red school
house at Buena Vista. George and Lizzie Clifford then moved to the
40 acres in Jackson Valley.
George Clifford died on July 12, 1957 and was
buried in the Buena Vista Indian Cemetery.
Concerning George Clifford
AMADOR LEDGER: JACKSON, CALIFORNIA,
FRIDAY, JUNE 13, 1902.
Criminal returns were filed with the board of supervisors at the last meeting, showing the criminal business in the various justice's courts for last month as follows: Township two, Jas. McCauley, justice— R. W. Grant, accused of disturbing the peace, fined $30; costs, $3. George Clifford, exhibiting deadly weapons, fined $20; costs, $3. Jeff Jamison, disturbing peace, fined $17; costs,$3. All the above fines were paid.
July 19, 1957
The death of George Clifford occurred at the Amador County hospital on Friday, July 12th, where he had been a patient for the past two years. Mr. Clifford was born in the Jackson Valley, eighty-five years ago. He spent his entire lifetime in the Valley. Services were held Monday morning, July 15th, at ten o’clock with Rev. Charles Winter officiating. Burial was in the Buena Vista Indian Cemetery.